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Android Training based on HYBRID

ANDROID BASED ON HYBRID / PHONEGAP VS. NATIVE RESOURCES and DOCC kolkata

Phone Gap is a mobile application development framework created by Nitobi. Adobe Systems purchased Nitobi in 2011. It enables software programmers to build applications for mobile devices using JavaScriptHTML5, andCSS3, instead of relying on platform-specific APIs like those in iOSWindows Phone, or Android.  It enables wrapping up of HTML, CSS, and Javascript code depending upon the platform of the device. It extends the features of HTML and Javascript to work with the device. The resulting applications are hybrid, meaning that they are neither truly native mobile application (because all layout rendering is done via web views instead of the platform’s native UI framework) nor purely web-based (because they are not just web apps, but are packaged as apps for distribution and have access to native device APIs).

First developed at an iPhoneDevCamp event in San Francisco, PhoneGap went on to win the People’s Choice Award at O’Reilly Media‘s 2009 Web 2.0 Conference, and the framework has been used to develop many apps. Apple Inc. has confirmed that the framework has its approval, even with the new 4.0 developer license agreement changes. The PhoneGap framework is used by several mobile application platforms such as Asial’s Monaca, ViziApps, Worklight, Convertigo, and appMobi  as the backbone of their mobile client development engine.

Adobe officially announced the acquisition of Nitobi Software (the original developer) on October 4, 2011. Coincident with that, the PhoneGap code was contributed to the Apache Software Foundation to start a new project called Apache Cordova. The project’s original name, Apache Callback, was viewed as too generic. Then it also appears in Adobe Systems as Adobe PhoneGap and also as Adobe Phonegap Build.

Early versions of PhoneGap required an Apple computer to create iOS apps and a Windows computer to create Windows Mobile apps. After September 2012, Adobe’s PhoneGap Build service allows programmers to upload HTMLCSS, and JavaScript source code to a “cloud compiler” that generates apps for every supported platform.[

The core of PhoneGap applications use HTML5 and CSS3 for their rendering and JavaScript for their logic. HTML5 now provides access to underlying hardware such as the accelerometer, camera, and GPS. However, browser support for HTML5-based device access is not consistent across mobile browsers, particularly older versions of Android. To overcome these limitations, the PhoneGap framework embeds HTML5 code inside a native WebView on the device, using a foreign function interface to access the native resources of the device.

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